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2018考研英语作文,整理了一些我复习英语时出现的错误给大家提个醒

考研英语包含写作文,考察语法,词汇量写作能力等。下面小编带你看2018考研英语作文:有关非谓语动词3种错误写法。

原标题:考研英语作文怎么准备?这2点干货99%研友都知道!

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2018考研英语作文:有关非谓语动词3种错误写法

最近有好多同学在问:考研英语作文怎么准备?其实学长想说的是,对于英语作文大家不用过于紧张,因为基本上以大家现在的水平都能写出差不多的作文,就是避免在作文中出现一些错误就行。整理了一些我复习英语时出现的错误给大家提个醒,大家也可以做个参考。【太阳城官网】

不少考生存在这样的误区:作文句型结构越复杂,分数越高。因此常常见到有考生一个句子中包含五六个复合句,加上表达方式晦涩,导致两种极端。一种是一个句子中的含义过多,而含义之间没有逻辑关系,导致读者理解困难;比如:

非谓语动词包括动名词、动词不定式和分词结构。它们的使用,能够极大地丰富作文句式,避免单一的结构重复出现,以免作文显得过于单调,也能使句式更为精炼和简洁。很多考生随着英语水平的提高,在作文中采用非谓语动词的表达形式的频率也越来越高,但是在使用过程中却出现了一些错误的写法。下面给大家列举出很多考生在使用非谓语动词写作时常常出现的三种不恰当的写法,在平时的练习时要注意规避!

常见的在作文中容易犯的错误有:

In the meantime, too many reportswhichhave bad influences on readers
rather than good ones could result inthatthe public would fall in
panic,orcontribute tothatthe youngwhoare inexperienced about the affairs
in the world follow these bad exampleandeven do some anti-social
behaviors,whichis of course harmful to their own growth,andat the same
time, it affects the peace of the community.

动名词复合结构主谓一致错误

一、词汇方面

对!你没看错,这是一个句子!相信读者读完之后会从头再读一遍,因为语法结构的选择过于繁琐,且语义与语义之间没有逻辑关系,导致整个句子含义不清晰,逻辑不顺畅。现调整如下:

单个动名词短语作主语,谓语应该用单数形式。尤其当动名词本身有名词作宾语时,大家一定要注意切不可把该名词的单复数和谓语的单复数混为一谈。

1.单词拼写错误

In the meantime, too many negative reports rather than positive ones
could result in the public panic or the tragedy that those
unsophisticated youngsters follow these bad examples and even do some
anti-social behaviors, which is not only detrimental to their own
growth, but also affects the public security of the community.

例:买衣服通常是一项耗时间的工作,因为一个人喜欢的衣服未必适合她/他自己。

单词拼写错误是大家都会遇到的问题,这一点大家一定要注意,要是对单词不太熟悉,就用短语来表达。

另一种则是句意较为简单,却使用复杂的句型结构,轻则考官判断为句型掌握不灵活,重则有向考官秀句型的嫌疑。比如:

[误]Buying clothes are often a time-consuming job because the clothes
that a person likes are not necessarily the ones that fit him or her。

2.记错固定搭配

轻者:

[正]Buying clothes is often a time-consuming job because the clothes
that a person likes are not necessarily the ones that fit him or her。

常见搭配错误

Those who are living in the suburbs have to travel far to the cities for
working.

[分析]该句话的主语是动名词复合结构“buying
clothes”,单个动名词短语作主语,谓语应该用单数形式。

①The teacher provided Us knowledge.(provided us→provided us with)

该句子没有任何语法问题,读起来也较流畅,但并不是句型的最佳选择,因为其句意并不复杂,完全可以把“who
are”去掉,改成分词作定语
,使用简单句就搞得定:

*立主格结构分词形式使用错误

分析: provide sb. with sth.是固定搭配,表示“给某人提供….”,
后面的介词With不能省路。 还有一些其他的也要注意spend(spend. in doing
sth. /spend. on sth. )、bring(bring sb. sth /bring sth. to sb.)、set(
set about)等动词的搭配,因此平时应注意辨析和积累。

Those living in the suburbs have to travel far to the cities for
working.

*立主格结构中都带有相应的逻辑主语,分词的选择需要把握清楚分词和逻辑主语之间的主被动关系。

②When you do something with faith, it will result success.(result
→result in)

重者:

例:随着*生子女家庭成为主要的家庭形式,父母试图给孩子一种近乎**的保护。

分析: result in是固定搭配,表结果的常见固定搭配还有 attribute
to(促成), give rise to(引起) ,lead to(导致), tend to(倾向于)等。

This news has aroused widespread discussion and had an extremely bad
influence, which results in the facts that people become self-examine
whether they would do a favor if they are confronted with such a
situation.

[误]With one-child family been the dominant pattern of household,
parents attempt to give a perfect shelter to their children。

③Because the vast cooperation with western countries, people’s living
standard raises quickly. (Because→ Because of)

读完后,读者的第一反应大概是:该句的语法结构忒吓人!一个句子中允许出现多种从句,然而前提是从句的存在是必要的。事实上仔细分析后,读者会发现该句句意并不复杂,完全可以删掉几个从句,修改后如下:

[正]With one-child family being the dominant pattern of household,
parents attempt to give a perfect shelter to their children。

分析: because of后跟名词, because后面跟句子。

This news has aroused widespread discussion and had an extremely bad
influence. After that, people began to self-examine whether they would
do a favor if being confronted with such a situation.

[分析]“随着*生子女家庭成为主要的家庭形式”做伴随状语,译为*立主格结构,动词be和其逻辑主语one-child
family 之间是主动关系,所以be 应该使用现在分词形式。

表原因的短语,如 because of, due to,tanks to, as a result of, on
account of, by reason of等,以及表目的的短语,比如 in order to, so as
to等,一般都以固定搭配的形式使用,是写作时出现的高频表达,但也经常被用错。

简洁的非谓语动词(不定式、分词、动名词)、介词短语以及恰当的形容词、副词往往有主从句所没有的语言效果。因此,英语文章的语法结构的选择讲求“恰当性”,该用长句时用长句,若语义简单,这时选择上述语法结构比冗长的句型更加简洁、清晰。

谓语动词和非谓语动区分不清

所以在平时练习时,要着重记忆和准确使用。

1

在一个完整的句子中,若出现了两个或两个以上的非并列关系的动词结构,除了主干谓语动词之外的动词需要采用非谓语动词的形式或者从句谓语动词的形式。很多同学在写作时,很容易出现谓语动词和非谓语动词区分不清的情况,尤其在写there
be句型时,误用杂糅结构。

二、句子方面

非谓语动词

例:有成千上万个例子告诉我们:如果我们想要成功,就需要一个正确的方向。

1.语态时态错误

1. 不定式

[误]There are thousands of examples tell us: if we want to succeed,
we need a correct direction。

时态语态是大家一定要注意的一点,

不定式(“to
do”)除了增加文章信息的功能外,在文章中可以充当名词、形容词、和副词所担任的功能,在文章中除了谓语外,其它成分都可充当,表目的、表原因、表结果、表方式、表条件。结构简洁,在很多语境下可替换名词性从句、定语从句和状语从句。

[正]There are thousands of examples telling us: if we want to
succeed, we need a correct direction。

2.句子缺少主语

作主语:It is acceptable for larger people to hit smaller ones – an
outcome which may well result in the child starting to bully others.
(C10T1)

[分析]there be
句型表示存在,是一个完整的句型结构,be动词就是谓语动词,所以句中若出现了其他动词,可以采用非谓语动词形式,因此动词tell不能直接使用原形,而且由于examples
和tell之间是主谓关系,所以要用tell的现在分词形式。

①Tom went to the park for a walk. And discovered a wallet on the bench

分析:“to do”作主语,可以和主语从句互换。比如该句可转变成:That
larger ones hit smaller ones is acceptable. 但“it is … to
do”的结构显然更加紧凑。

2018考研英语作文:有关非谓语动词3种错误写法。希望以上的内容能够对你有所帮助。

改正: Tom went to the park for a walk and discovered a wallet on the
bench. Tom went to the park for a walk. And he discovered a wallet on
the bench.

应用:

分析:后面的短句缺少主语。有以上展示的两种修改方法:一种是使其合二为一,共用一个主语;另一种情况是给后面的句子加上主语he。

  1. “to hit smaller ones”是真正的主语(正常语序:To hit smaller ones is
    acceptable for larger people – an outcome which may result in the child
    starting to bully
    others.)不定式作主语,通常放在句子最后,用“It”作形式主语,所以出现固定搭配“it
    is … to do”。

  2. 另外,“to do”作主语,谓语为单数。

② Owing to the reform and opening-up policy has largely promoted the
development of economy and fusion of culture.

作宾语:..., and without the training, the child would not learn how
to exploit and develop their talent. (C7T1)

改正:The reform and opening-up policy(主语) has largely promoted the
development of economy and fusion of culture.

分析:“how to exploit and develop their mind”可以改写成宾语从句:how
they can exploit and develop their
talent。修改后合乎语法、可行,但不如原文使用不定式简洁。

Owing to the reform and opening-up policy, the development of economy
and fusion of culture(主语) have been largely promoted.

应用:

分析:句子缺少主语。 Owing to the reform and opening-up
policy在这个句子中作原因状语,本句缺主语。

1.“V. + to do”结构的灵活运用需要考生在平时多积累类似于“determine to do”,
“mean to do”这样的固定动词。

修改时可将 Owing to去掉,让 the reform and opening-up
policy作句子主语;或者状语保持不变,调整后面句子的成分,在意思不变的前提下使其主谓齐全。

  1. 疑问词“wh- + to do sth.”可以作为固定搭配应用于考生作文中。

考生在写长句时经常会犯句子成分混乱的错误,尤其是在基本句型结构掌握得不够好的情况下。建议在练习长句时可先写出其主干部分,明确了句子基本框架后再为其添加各个修饰成分。

作同位语:This has the added benefit that parents and children often
use them together just for fun, which develops a positive attitude to
exercise at an early age. (C9T1)

3.主谓不一致

分析:“to exercise at an early
age”作“attitude”的同位语。事实上,此处可以转变成同位语从句:

① Buying clothes are often a time-consuming job because the clothes that
a person likes are rarely the ones that fit him or her.( are→is)

…, which develops a positive attitude that children should exercise at
an early age.

分析:动名词短语、动词不定式短语、名词性从句作主语时,谓语用单数。这时要将作主语的短语或从句看成一个整体,切勿被其中个别词汇的形式干扰。

显然,此语境下,使用不定式要比同位语从句更加简洁、紧凑。

②Tom as well as his parents teach me English. (teach →teaches)

作状语:I think to tackle the problem of pollution, cleaner fuels
need to be developed. (C8T3)

分析: 就远原则。当作主语的名词或代词后有 as well as, in addition to,
along with, together

分析:不定式“to tackle the problem of
pollution”在句子中作状语,表目的。通常情况下,不定式作状语可以转变成目的状语从句,比如该句:

with,but,except等连接的成分时,谓语动词的单复数仍由主语的内容决定,而非由靠近谓语动词的名词或代词决定,即就远原则。

I think cleaner fuels need to be developed so that the problem of
pollution can be tackled.

③ Neither I nor my brother like drinking coffee.(like → likes)

但同样,不定式作状语要比目的状语从句简洁、地道。所以在使用目的状语从句时,考生应首先考虑是否可以使用不定式作状语来表达。

分析:就近原则。在由 not only. but also, either…or, neither.nor,
whether..等连接主语的句子中,谓语动词的单复数形式由最靠近它的那个主语来确定,即就近原则。

作补语:…, education systems are based on the belief that all
children can effectively be taught to acquire different skills, …
(C7T1)

④ He is one of the students who always hands in homework in time.(hands
in→hand in)

应用:“V. + sb./sth. + to do”的结构需要考生多积累像“urge sb. to
do”、“inform sb. to do”这样的动词。

分析:先行词判断错误。这是定语从句中的主谓不一致现象。先行词为“ one
of+复数名词”时,从句的谓语动词形式用复数;但one前有the(
very/only)修饰时,从句的谓语动词形式要用单数。

2. 分词

譬如,He is the(only) one of the students who works
hard.判断的依据是看定语从句的修饰对象

与不定式一样,分词也具有语法功能:现在分词(v-ing)表主动、正在进行,过去分词(v-ed)表被动、已经完成,以及逻辑功能:表条件、表原因、表结果、表时间、表伴随。

提示:先行词主语是 a great many/a number of/ the majority
of等+可数名词复数时,谓语用复数;先行词是 the number
of/each/every/neither/either of/one and a
half等+可数名词复数时,谓语用单数。

作定语:… all children can effectively be taught to acquire
different skills, including those associated with sport, art or music.
(C7T1)

具体的大家可以参考《写作160篇》,书里对于一些常见的错误都整理的很清楚,给大家做了一个全面的梳理。而且《写作160篇》是从最基础的词汇到句型帮你一步一步的提高作文水平,手把手教你写作文,适合基础薄弱的同学使用。

分析:“associated”引导的过去分词短语作后置定语修饰“those”,
与被修饰词之间是被动关系。

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应用:

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  1. 该分词短语可以还原成:that are associated with sport, art or music,
    合乎语法,但与分词作状语相比不够简练。

  2. 定语从句中的关系词(that, which, who…)在从句中作主语时:

责任编辑:

(1) 从句谓语和先行词是主动关系,则建议使用现在分词(v-ing)取代定语从句。

(2) 从句谓语和先行词是被动关系,则建议使用过去分词(v-ed)取代定语从句。

作状语:Many people find their rewards unfair, especially when
comparing these super salaries with those of top surgeons…. (C6T2)

分析:

1.疑问副词“when”+分词在句子中作状语,现在分词表主动、表时间。

  1. 该句可以还原成:Many people find their rewards unfair, especially
    when they are compared these super salaries with those of top surgeons….

使用时间状语从句也是可行的,但和原句相比,该从句结构略显啰嗦、刻板,没有“wh-

  • 分词”结构灵活、重点清晰。

应用:

疑问词“wh- + to do”可以作为固定搭配应用于雅思作文中。

3. 动名词

动名词本质上是个名词,只不过由v.
加了-ing后变过来的,所以名词能够担任的成分动名词都能够充当。

作主语:However, reaching the conclusion that change is inevitable
is not the same as assuming that ‘change is always for the better’.
(C6T4)

分析:该主语可还原成“That we reach the conclusion”,
即主语从句。很显然,从句结构较复杂,其重点没有动名词作主语突出。

应用:

1.动宾结构作主语时,建议使用动名词。

  1. 动名词的使用可以避免过多的“people”, “we”,
    “you”作主语的情况,在实现语法灵活的同时(满足了GRA的要求),避免了重复用词(满足了LR的要求)。

作宾语:At school, children will experience working and living with
people from a variety of backgrounds from the wider society. (C8T1)

应用:建议考生在平时的学习中多积累诸如“delay doing”, “endure
doing”这样后面跟动名词(doing)的动词。

4. 介词短语

除了非谓语动词,介词短语在句法功能上与非谓语动词类似,也是主从句经常使用的替换手段。介词短语,顾名思义,即“介词+名词短语”的组合,在英文句子中通常作表语、定语、状语。

作表语:This is because it is the rich and powerful people in our
society who are able to impose changes that are in their own interests.
(C6T4)

作定语:The pressure from the media is intense and there is little
privacy out of the spotlight. (C6T2)

作状语:Secondly, when someone feels they are improving or
developing their skills through training opportunities, … (C10T3)

分析:介词短语“through training opportunities”作状语,表方式。

应用:“介词+n.”在句子中通常作表语、定语、状语,可表时间、表地点、表原因、表方式。和非谓语动词在句子中的效果差不多,都可使文章简洁。

2

非谓语动词+非谓语动词

A lot of innovations are made with the aim of making money for a few.
(C6T4)

分析:分词(made)+介词短语(with the aim of:表目的)+动名词(making
money)+介词短语(for a few: 限定,使内容更具体)

应用:几个非谓语动词可以互相搭配出现在简单句中,有两个功能:

  1. 使所表达的内容更加具体;

  2. 兼顾逻辑功能。

3

非谓语动词+复合句

由于非谓语动词、介词短语与三种复合句各有各的语法功能与逻辑功能,这些语法单位的合理结合使得文章简洁、紧凑且极具逻辑性。

Those who feel that sports starts salaries are justified might argue
that the number of professionals with real talent is very few, and the
money is a recognition of the skills and dedication a person needs to be
successful. (C6T2)

分析:定语从句(“who”引导)+(定语从句)“that”引导+(定语从句)“that”引导+介词短语(with
real talent作定语修饰“professionals”,
起限定作用,使所表达内容更具体)+介词短语(of the
skills作“recognition”的定语,起限定作用,使内容更具体)+不定式(“to be
successful”作“need”的补语)。

应用:建议考生适当使用从句,使用前考虑:该含义是否可用简单句表达(能用简单句的就不用复合句)。与此同时,在句意完整的情况下,使用相应的非谓语动词和介词短语起限定作用,使文章内容更具体。

“不定式”包含“尚未做”的含义;分词本质上是形容词、副词,“现在分词”和逻辑主语是主动关系,而过去分词与其是被动关系;“动名词”本质上是名词,故往往作主语、宾语和表语;“介词短语”可替换形容词、副词,用作表语、定语和状语。

希望考生通过以上对非谓语动词、介词短语与雅思写作结合的范文分析中受到启发,并在平时多加分析范文,活用其中的地道短语、语法结构,在考试中取得理想成绩!

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